Sinusitis occurs due to the inflammation of the sinuses. It is
usually caused by bacterial or viral infection. It may also be with
an allergy infection. Sinusitis affects the sinuses just beneath the eyes
can make your eyes puffy by affecting the eyelids. Usually, eyelids
are not red or itchy. The maxillary sinuses are commonly affected.


Types of Sinus Infection

A sinus infection is divided into three types
  1. Maxillary Sinus
  2. Chronic Sinus
  3. Acute Sinus

1. Maxillary Sinus

The maxillary sinus is one of the 4 paranasal sinuses which are
found near the nose. Maxillary sinuses are located below the
cheekbones and on the sides of the nose above the teeth.
The Maxillary sinus looks like a pyramid and each sinus contains
three cavities that point downwards, inwards, and sideways. Maxillary
sinuses are small air-filled holes that are found in the bones of
the face. They produce mucus and reduce the weight of the skull and also
affect the tone quality of a person’s voice.

2. Chronic Sinus

Chronic sinuses become persistent and last for more than 12 weeks.
Chronic sinuses are uncommon and occur in some rare cases.

3. Acute Sinus

Acute sinus is an infection that develops quickly and lasts for short-term period. It usually lasts for a week and in some cases lasts for
2 to 3 weeks but it is not uncommon.
Sinusitis longer than 4 to 30 days become an acute sinus infection. If it
lasts longer than 4 to 12 weeks it becomes subacute sinus. A
mild attack of acute sinusitis is common and many people will get
some degree of sinusitis with a cold.
Severe acute sinusitis is very uncommon and some people face only one or
two attacks of severe sinusitis in their lives. However, some
people are very unlucky they have repeated attacks of acute

Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis

The common symptoms of Acute sinusitis are:
  • Pain and tenderness over the infected sinuses.
  • Blocked Nose
  • Running Nose
  • High Temperature
  • Puffy Eyes
  • Watery Eyes
Acute sinusitis includes other symptoms:
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Cough
  • Toothache
  • Breathing Problem

Symptoms in Children

  • Nasal Speech
  • Irritability
  • Snoring
  • Mouth Breathing
  • Feeding Difficulty
  • Ear Discomfort

How is Acute Sinusitis Diagnosed?

Doctors normally diagnose acute sinusitis by listening to typical
symptoms from patients. They also check the temperature and see tenderness
over the sinuses. They examine your nose because the lining of the nose is
often swollen in acute sinusitis. Sometimes investigations are not enough
therefore x-rays, blood tests, or scans are used to diagnose it.

Best Treatment for Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is usually finished automatically within 2 to 3 weeks.
Because our
immune system fights
against sinus infections and it clears up in 2-3 weeks.

If a sinus infection persists for more than 10 days then your doctor may
prescribe steroid nasal spray such as mometasone.

According to the department of health guidelines, antibiotics should not
be used for at least starting 10 days of infection. In most cases,
sinusitis is found due to the virus. So antibiotics do not kill viruses
and they can cause adverse effects such as motion sickness or

In a few cases where antibiotics are needed, there are three
antibiotics that are recommended commonly and safely

  • Phenoxymethyl Penicillin
  • Co-Amoxiclav
  • Doxycyclin
In the condition of pain ibuprofen and paracetamol are used
commonly. They also help to bring down the high temperature if you
have. Sometimes codeine phosphate is advised for short
Sometimes your doctor may prescribe saline nasal drops or any other
decongestant nasal drops to clean up or open your blocked nose.
Related Topics:

Ruman Amjad

Hello, I am Dr. Ruman Amjad, an Ophthalmologist specializing in the field of eye care, particularly focused on helping individuals with swollen eyelids. I am thrilled to welcome you to, a comprehensive resource dedicated to providing accurate and reliable information on eyelid inflammation.


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