Corneal abrasion is a scratch and cut on the clear front surface of the
Cornea. The word Corneal Abrasion is a collection of two words corneal and
abrasion. The Corneal is basically an upper area of the

A layer covering the pupil and iris is called the Corneal. It is very
sensitive and more transparent. Light passes through the corneal and enters
into the retina then we see things.

In medical terms, a scratched eye is called a corneal abrasion.

Abrasion is the process of scraping and wearing something away. Actually
Corneal includes five layers the first upper and outer layer is


A tiny scratch and cut on epithelia can create an infection because it is a
very sensitive layer.

Causes of Corneal Abrasion

  • The cornea can be affected with scratches by contact from dust, dirt,
    wood shavings, contact lenses, makeup brush, makeup chemicals even the
    edge of a piece of paper.
  • you can get scratch even with a poke of pen, needle, fingernail and
    makeup brush.
  • If a small piece of dirs, sand, sawdust or other foreign matter enters
    your eyes.
  • By cosmetic chemicals in your eyes.
  • By wearing poor and dirty contact lenses.
  • By removing contact lenses not properly.
  • If you have
    without proper eye protection.
  • By Overwear contact lenses
  • By rubbing hard
  • Dry eyes can cause a corneal abrasion

Symptoms of Corneal Abrasion

  • Feeling pain and itchiness
  • Feeling gritty in your eyes
  • Facing Tearing and Redness
  • Become sensitivity to the light
  • Blurry Vision
  • Headache
  • Discomfort
  • Red Eyes
  • Eye Twitching
  • Teary and watery eyes

Can Corneal Abrasion be serious?

Corneal Abrasion is not permanent or serious damage and normally can be
healed within 24 to 48 hours. but it depends on how severe the damage is.
sometimes a large corneal abrasion can be healed with lubricant eye drops
with antibiotics
within 5 to 7 days. if you left corneal abrasion untreated it can be

How Corneal Abrasion Can be Treated?

Rinse your eyes with sterile saline water. it helps to stop developing
harmful bacteria.
Blink your eyes several times it helps to remove small particles.
Pull the upper eyelid over the lower eyelid it can bring tears in your eyes
and tears can clean your eyes from small particles.
An eye doctor can prescribe lubricant eye drops and antibiotic eye drops
along with steroids and anti-inflammatory oral medicine. 
Also can treat with anti-inflammatory and antibiotic eye ointments along
with pain and anti-histamine medicines.

Precautions while your eye heals

Wear safety glasses for eyes
Don’t rub eyes
Don’t wear contact lenses
Don’t wear makeup
Don’t try to remove the object that is embedded in your eyeball only your
doctor can do this perfectly.
Don’t use cotton, swabs, or other instruments for the eyes.
Follow prescribed wear time for contact lenses
A minor scratch or cut can create permanent scars or other eyes problems.
so if you feeling to have something in your eyes then don’t rub it and clean
your eyes with sterile normal saline water or with antiseptic solution mix
water. In the case of severe infection contact, your doctor must.
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Ruman Amjad

Hello, I am Dr. Ruman Amjad, an Ophthalmologist specializing in the field of eye care, particularly focused on helping individuals with swollen eyelids. I am thrilled to welcome you to, a comprehensive resource dedicated to providing accurate and reliable information on eyelid inflammation.


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