Wednesday, November 24, 2021

Can Sinus Infection Cause Puffy Eyes? - Sinus Attack

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Sinusitis occurs due to the inflammation of the sinuses. It is usually caused by bacterial or viral infection. It may also be with an allergy infection. Sinusitis affects the sinuses just beneath the eyes can make your eyes puffy by affecting the eyelids. Usually, eyelids are not red or itchy. The maxillary sinuses are commonly affected.


Types of Sinus Infection

A sinus infection is divided into three types
  1. Maxillary Sinus
  2. Chronic Sinus
  3. Acute Sinus

1. Maxillary Sinus

The maxillary sinus is one of the 4 paranasal sinuses which are found near the nose. Maxillary sinuses are located below the cheekbones and on the sides of the nose above the teeth.

The Maxillary sinus looks like a pyramid and each sinus contains three cavities that point downwards, inwards, and sideways. Maxillary sinuses are small air-filled holes that are found in the bones of the face. They produce mucus and reduce the weight of the skull and also affect the tone quality of a person's voice.

2. Chronic Sinus

Chronic sinuses become persistent and last for more than 12 weeks. Chronic sinuses are uncommon and occur in some rare cases.

3. Acute Sinus

Acute sinus is an infection that develops quickly and lasts for short-term period. It usually lasts for a week and in some cases lasts for 2 to 3 weeks but it is not uncommon.

Sinusitis longer than 4 to 30 days become an acute sinus infection. If it lasts longer than 4 to 12 weeks it becomes subacute sinus. A mild attack of acute sinusitis is common and many people will get some degree of sinusitis with a cold.

Severe acute sinusitis is very uncommon and some people face only one or two attacks of severe sinusitis in their lives. However, some people are very unlucky they have repeated attacks of acute sinusitis.

Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis

The common symptoms of Acute sinusitis are:
  • Pain and tenderness over the infected sinuses.
  • Blocked Nose
  • Running Nose
  • High Temperature
  • Puffy Eyes
  • Watery Eyes
Acute sinusitis includes other symptoms:
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Cough
  • Toothache
  • Breathing Problem

Symptoms in Children

  • Nasal Speech
  • Irritability
  • Snoring
  • Mouth Breathing
  • Feeding Difficulty
  • Ear Discomfort

How is Acute Sinusitis Diagnosed?

Doctors normally diagnose acute sinusitis by listening to typical symptoms from patients. They also check the temperature and see tenderness over the sinuses. They examine your nose because the lining of the nose is often swollen in acute sinusitis. Sometimes investigations are not enough therefore x-rays, blood tests, or scans are used to diagnose it.

Best Treatment for Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is usually finished automatically within 2 to 3 weeks. Because our immune system fights against sinus infections and it clears up in 2-3 weeks.

If a sinus infection persists for more than 10 days then your doctor may prescribe steroid nasal spray such as mometasone.

According to the department of health guidelines, antibiotics should not be used for at least starting 10 days of infection. In most cases, sinusitis is found due to the virus. So antibiotics do not kill viruses and they can cause adverse effects such as motion sickness or diarrhea.

In a few cases where antibiotics are needed, there are three antibiotics that are recommended commonly and safely

  • Phenoxymethyl Penicillin
  • Co-Amoxiclav
  • Doxycyclin

In the condition of pain ibuprofen and paracetamol are used commonly. They also help to bring down the high temperature if you have. Sometimes codeine phosphate is advised for short time. 

Sometimes your doctor may prescribe saline nasal drops or any other decongestant nasal drops to clean up or open your blocked nose.

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