Complications and risks occur in all kinds of surgery and cataract surgery is no exception. The risk of sight-threatening and complications of cataract surgery is low as compared to other routine surgery. it’s getting improving all the time.
Most people go smoothly after cataract surgery and get better vision without any long-term issues. Today we discuss the potential cataract surgery complications and their implications.

10 Potential Cataract Surgery Complications

Infection Inside your Eye

Dramatically the risks of infections have been reduced over recent years after cataract surgery. Because of the daily use of antibiotics infections into the eyes and additionally better sterile surgical conditions at the end of surgery. If you are unlucky to have an infection, prompt treatment with antibiotics is essential. 

Your Sight Can be Restored Quickly

A large bleed is known as suprachoroidal haemorrhage can rarely develop during cataract surgery. According to research, it occurs in 1 in 10000. If your blood pressure is not high, the chances of happening this are very low. 

Insertion of the Wrong Intraocular Lens Implant

It can occur due to the surgeon’s error and it is quite uncommon. It can also occur due to the inaccurate measurements of the eyes before the Cataract surgery. This is done to calculate the power of the intraocular lens implant

Change the Wrong Intraocular Lens

Lens exchange is a minor procedure if you get the best results. If you are unlucky you can get persistent eye Inflammation at the back of the eye. this is known as cystoid macular oedema. It subsides with anti-inflammatory eye drops in the majority of people with time.

Cloudiness of the Cornea

Cloudiness of the front surface of the eye is known as corneal decompensation. Now it is very uncommon with better cataract surgery techniques. As well as less energy-producing instruments used inside the eye during cataract surgery.
Some patients have more chances to develop this complication if they have a co-existent condition of the cornea such as Fuch’s endothelial guttata. There are some steps that your surgeon can take to reduce this complication in the susceptible few.

Retinal Detachment

It is an emergency condition in which the film at the back of the eye retina can tear and peel away. It usually requires urgent surgical correction treatment. It is more common in that patients who had already a retinal detachment or those who have very thin retinas such as the very short-sighted.

Posterior Capsular Rupture

It can occur at the time of cataract surgery. There is a break in the back of the clear bag that holds your new intraocular implant. As a result fragments of cataracts can drop to the back of the eye. It can cause blurred vision, inflammation, and retinal detachment
The risk of happening of this complication is too low. It is found in 1 in 100 and in more complex surgery cases the chances are high. Long recovery time and further surgery is required in patients having posterior capsular rupture.

Iris Prolapse

Iris prolapse occasionally occurs when the colored part of the iris can “escape“. It gets trapped after cataract surgery in the small opening made in the cornea.
The usual practice to treat this is to undergo a further minor procedure to push it back into the eye and after that secure the corneal wound with a micro stitch. The wound is carefully constructed and stitches are not used routinely. it has a valve-like structure or shape that self-seals. 

Inserting the Intraocular Lens upside down

It is also an uncommon complication in which an intraocular lens implant is inserted the wrong way, around or upside down. To treat this it needs further minor surgery to turn it the right way around. If you leave it you have to need a slight alteration in your glasses prescription.
This is because the change in power of the intraocular lens is fairly small if it is inserted the wrong way round.

An Unstable Capsular Bag

A clear capsular bag can become loose during cataract surgery or not be stable enough for the surgeon to insert the intraocular lens implant safely. If it occurs it can be stabilized by inserting a small plastic ring known as a capsular tension ring.
The intraocular lens implant can be inserted into the more stable capsular bag. The majority of cataract surgery complications can be treated with excellent visual results.
Categories: eyes surgery

Ruman Amjad

Hello, I am Dr. Ruman Amjad, an Ophthalmologist specializing in the field of eye care, particularly focused on helping individuals with swollen eyelids. I am thrilled to welcome you to, a comprehensive resource dedicated to providing accurate and reliable information on eyelid inflammation.


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